At the Coalition’s recommendation, in 2021 we extended the Index’s reach to Rhode Islanders who do not speak English at home. In 2022, we once again partnered with four community-based organizations – Dorcas International, Center for Southeast Asians, Higher Ground International, and Progreso Latino. Working with our partners, we translated the random digit dial survey into 14 languages and trained organization staff to conduct the interviews in person or by phone. Interviewers were compensated for their time and expertise.
From May through August 2022, the community-based organizations conducted 493 interviews in person or by telephone in 14 different languages.
The survey featured three sets of questions about respondents’ perceptions of their communities. One set of questions asked respondents to rate statements about their communities in terms of whether the statement was completely descriptive, somewhat descriptive, not very descriptive, or not descriptive at all. A second set of questions asked respondents to rate how likely each aspect of life was for a typical person living in their community—very likely, somewhat likely, somewhat unlikely, or very unlikely. The third set of questions asked respondents about housing availability and affordability. We also included questions about programs and services for children and older Rhode Islanders as well as questions about respondents’ actual experiences around food security, economic situation, confidence in managing health problems, and confidence in using technology. In 2022, for items not part of the core RI Life Index, the CBOs were provided the opportunity to ask the items most relevant to their organization. Therefore, some of the items were not asked by all of the CBOs.
The Analytic Approach
We created scores for various aspects of health and well-being in a community. We refer to these scores as POP (percent of the possible) scores. The POP score for each component represents how close respondents believe their community is to an ideal or healthy community in these areas. We used this approach to combine multiple indicators into one score, allowing for easier observation of targets for improvement, as well as community strengths.
A POP score of 100 is the highest possible score for each component. A score of 100 is reached when every single respondent rates each of the individual indicators of a component at the highest (best possible) value. Scores ranging from 0 to 100 show how close the community is to the ideal. For creation of the POP scores, negative outcomes were reversed so that a higher POP score indicates moving towards a healthier community.
We computed POP scores for each component by language of the interview. Results are presented separately by language only for those languages with at least 20 respondents.
The report stratifies data by language spoken at home. We begin at the widest point of the lens, with summaries of perceptions of community that incorporate a range of social determinants of health, and quickly moves into a breakdown of those key factors.